arrow arrow



<<   ̲   >>

( ), 0. ( = 0) - () .

~ 1 ,

~ { , 0, . . .

- :

. . , .

? 13.4.

г.

1. = -27 ( (13.10) (13.11)).

* 0, 1 .

  • 2.
  • 3.

', (13.12).

4. (13.17)

:

1. _ | = --

ֲ ˲Ͳ Ͳ ʲ (ֲ)

( rang ( )) , .

? 13.5.

г. , 2-

/ 4 0 0 0 4 2

(, ^ ^ = , 0 0 = ^ '63 = ^

. .), , 3- 4- .

1- (, | 4 | * 0 . .), () = 1.?

:

  • 1. 0 < () < min (/ w, ).
  • 2. () = 0 , - , . . / 1 = 0.
  • 3. - () = , - .
  • 4. ( + ) < () + ().
  • 5. ( + )> () - ()
  • 6. r (AB)
  • 7. r (AB) = r (A), - / 7- / 7.
  • 8. () = ( ), - - .
  • 9. () = (') = () , - - / 7- .
  • 10. ()> () + () - , - .

' () ( ).

:

, = ( , 2 ... , "), 2 = ( 2 | 22 ... 2 "), e ", = {e mt 2 ... ") .

, ^ .., ,

. (г (13.19) 쳺

, . . (13.19) /? 1,2, ..., / 7.)

, ^ 2 - .., , , | 2 > -> , '.

0 = (0 0 ... 0).

(13.20) , = 2 = ... = = 0, .

, ().

 
<<   ̲   >>